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Ek 3

Sayfa 3


 

MEDIA TYPES

(last updated 2001 October 16)

[RFC2045,RFC2046] specifies that Content Types, Content Subtypes, Character
Sets, Access Types, and conversion values for MIME mail will be
assigned and listed by the IANA.


Content Types and Subtypes
--------------------------

Type            Subtype         Description                 Reference
----            -------         -----------                 ---------
text            plain                               [RFC2646,RFC2046]
                richtext                            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                enriched                                    [RFC1896]
                tab-separated-values                   [Paul Lindner]
                html                                        [RFC2854]
                sgml                                        [RFC1874]
                vnd.latex-z                                   [Lubos]
                vnd.fmi.flexstor                             [Hurtta]
               uri-list                                  [RFC2483]
               vnd.abc                                     [Allen]
               rfc822-headers                              [RFC1892]
               vnd.in3d.3dml                              [Powers]
               prs.lines.tag                               [Lines]
               vnd.in3d.spot                                [Powers]
                css                                         [RFC2318]
                xml                                         [RFC3023]
                xml-external-parsed-entity                  [RFC3023]
               rtf                                       [Lindner]
                directory                                   [RFC2425]
                calendar                                    [RFC2445]
               vnd.wap.wml                                 [Stark]
               vnd.wap.wmlscript                           [Stark]
               vnd.motorola.reflex                        [Patton]
               vnd.fly                                    [Gurney]
                vnd.wap.sl                                [WAP-Forum]
                vnd.wap.si                                [WAP-Forum]
                t140                                        [RFC2793]
                vnd.ms-mediapackage                          [Nelson]
               vnd.IPTC.NewsML                              [IPTC]
               vnd.IPTC.NITF                                  [IPTC]
               vnd.curl                                    [Hodge]
                vnd.DMClientScript                          [Bradley]
                parityfec                                   [RFC3009]


          
multipart       mixed                               [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                alternative                         [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                digest                              [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                parallel                            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                appledouble                [MacMime,Patrik Faltstrom]
                header-set                             [Dave Crocker]
                form-data                                   [RFC2388]
               related                                   [RFC2387]
                report                                      [RFC1892]
                voice-message                       [RFC2421,RFC2423]
                signed                                      [RFC1847]
                encrypted                                   [RFC1847]
                byteranges                                  [RFC2068]

message         rfc822                              [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                partial                             [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                external-body                       [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                news                        [RFC 1036, Henry Spencer]
                http                                        [RFC2616]
               delivery-status                             [RFC1894]
                disposition-notification                    [RFC2298]
                s-http                                      [RFC2660]

uygulama     octet-stream                        [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                postscript                          [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                oda                                 [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                atomicmail                    [atomicmail,Borenstein]
                andrew-inset                [andrew-inset,Borenstein]
                slate                           [slate,terry crowley]
                wita              [Wang Info Transfer,Larry Campbell]
                dec-dx            [Digital Doc Trans, Larry Campbell]
                dca-rft        [IBM Doc Content Arch, Larry Campbell]
                activemessage                          [Ehud Shapiro]
                rtf                                    [Paul Lindner]
                applefile                  [MacMime,Patrik Faltstrom]
                mac-binhex40               [MacMime,Patrik Faltstrom]
                news-message-id              [RFC1036, Henry Spencer]
                news-transmission            [RFC1036, Henry Spencer]
                wordperfect5.1                         [Paul Lindner]
                pdf                                    [Paul Lindner]
                zip                                    [Paul Lindner]
                macwriteii                             [Paul Lindner]
                msword                                 [Paul Lindner]
                remote-printing                        [RFC1486,Rose]
                mathematica                             [Van Nostern]
                cybercash                                  [Eastlake]
                commonground                                 [Glazer]
                iges                                          [Parks]
                riscos                                        [Smith]
                eshop                                          [Katz]
                x400-bp                                     [RFC1494]
                sgml                                        [RFC1874]
                cals-1840                                   [RFC1895]
                pgp-encrypted                               [RFC3156]
                pgp-signature                               [RFC3156]
                pgp-keys                                    [RFC3156]
                vnd.framemaker                               [Wexler]
                vnd.mif                                      [Wexler]
               vnd.ms-excel                                   [Gill]
                vnd.ms-powerpoint                              [Gill]
                vnd.ms-project                                 [Gill]
                vnd.ms-works                                   [Gill]
                vnd.ms-tnef                                    [Gill]
                vnd.svd                                      [Becker]
                vnd.music-niff                               [Butler]
                vnd.ms-artgalry                             [Slawson]
                vnd.truedoc                                   [Chase]
                vnd.koan                                       [Cole]
                vnd.street-stream                            [Levitt]
                vnd.fdf                                      [Zilles]
                set-payment-initiation                       [Korver]
                set-payment                                  [Korver]
                set-registration-initiation                  [Korver]
                set-registration                             [Korver]
                vnd.seemail                                    [Webb]
                vnd.businessobjects                         [Imoucha]
                vnd.meridian-slingshot                        [Wedel]
                vnd.xara                                 [Matthewman]
                sgml-open-catalog                            [Grosso]
                vnd.rapid                                   [Szekely]
                vnd.enliven                              [Santinelli]
                vnd.japannet-registration-wakeup              [Fujii]
                vnd.japannet-verification-wakeup              [Fujii]
                vnd.japannet-payment-wakeup                   [Fujii]
                vnd.japannet-directory-service                [Fujii]
                vnd.intertrust.digibox                    [Tomasello]
                vnd.intertrust.nncp                       [Tomasello]
                prs.alvestrand.titrax-sheet              [Alvestrand]
               vnd.noblenet-Web                          [Solomon]
                vnd.noblenet-sealer                         [Solomon]
               vnd.noblenet-directory                    [Solomon]
               prs.nprend                                [Doggett]
               vnd.webturbo                                [Rehem]
               hyperstudio                                [Domino]
               vnd.shana.informed.formtemplate                   [Selzler]
               vnd.shana.informed.formdata               [Selzler]
               vnd.shana.informed.package                [Selzler]
               vnd.shana.informed.interchange             [Selzler]
               vnd.$commerce_battelle                  [Applebaum]
               vnd.osa.netdeploy                            [Klos]
               vnd.ibm.MiniPay                          [Herzberg]
               vnd.japannet-jpnstore-wakeup            [Yoshitake]
               vnd.japannet-setstore-wakeup              [Yoshitake]
               vnd.japannet-verification               [Yoshitake]
               vnd.japannet-registration               [Yoshitake]
               vnd.hp-HPGL                             [Pentecost]
               vnd.hp-PCL                              [Pentecost]
               vnd.hp-PCLXL                            [Pentecost]
               vnd.musician                                [Adams]
               vnd.FloGraphIt                           [Floersch]
               vnd.intercon.formnet                          [Gurak]
                vemmi                                       [RFC2122]
               vnd.ms-asf                             [Fleischman]
               vnd.ecdis-update                      [Buettgenbach]
               vnd.powerbuilder6                             [Guy]
               vnd.powerbuilder6-s                           [Guy]
               vnd.lotus-wordpro                      [Wattenberger]
               vnd.lotus-approach                     [Wattenberger]
               vnd.lotus-1-2-3                        [Wattenberger]
               vnd.lotus-organizer                    [Wattenberger]
               vnd.lotus-screencam                    [Wattenberger]
               vnd.lotus-freelance                   [Wattenberger]
               vnd.fujitsu.oasys                         [Togashi]
               vnd.fujitsu.oasys2                        [Togashi]
               vnd.swiftview-ics                         [Widener]
               vnd.dna                                    [Searcy]
               prs.cww                             [Rungchavalnont]
               vnd.wt.stf                                   [Wohler]
               vnd.dxr                                      [Duffy]
               vnd.mitsubishi.misty-guard.trustweb          [Tanaka]
               vnd.ibm.modcap                           [Hohensee]
               vnd.acucobol                                  [Lubin]
               vnd.fujitsu.oasys3                         [Okudaira]
                marc                                        [RFC2220]
                vnd.fujitsu.oasysprs                          [Ogita]
               vnd.fujitsu.oasysgp                      [Sugimoto]
               vnd.visio                                    [Sandal]
               vnd.netfpx                                     [Mutz]
               vnd.audiograph                         [Slusanschi]
               vnd.epson.salt                           [Nagatomo]
               vnd.3M.Post-it-Notes                      [O'Brien]
               vnd.novadigm.EDX                            [Swenson]
               vnd.novadigm.EXT                            [Swenson]
               vnd.novadigm.EDM                          [Swenson]
               vnd.claymore                              [Simpson]
               vnd.comsocaller                          [Dellutri]
                pkcs7-mime                                  [RFC2311]
                pkcs7-signature                             [RFC2311]
                pkcs10                                      [RFC2311]
               vnd.yellowriver-custom-menu                [Yellow]
               vnd.ecowin.chart                           [Olsson]
               vnd.ecowin.series                          [Olsson]
               vnd.ecowin.filerequest                       [Olsson]
               vnd.ecowin.fileupdate                        [Olsson]
               vnd.ecowin.seriesrequest                     [Olsson]
               vnd.ecowin.seriesupdate                      [Olsson]
               EDIFACT                                   [RFC1767]
               EDI-X12                                   [RFC1767]
               EDI-Consent                               [RFC1767]
               vnd.wrq-hp3000-labelled                           [Bartram]
               vnd.minisoft-hp3000-save                  [Bartram]
               vnd.ffsns                                [Holstage]
               vnd.hp-hps                                   [Aubrey]
               vnd.fujixerox.docuworks                     [Taguchi]
                xml                                         [RFC3023]
                xml-external-parsed-entity                  [RFC3023]
                xml-dtd                                     [RFC3023]
               vnd.anser-Web-funds-transfer-initiation        [Mori]
                vnd.anser-Web-certificate-issue-initiation     [Mori]
               vnd.is-xpr                              [Natarajan]
               vnd.intu.qbo                            [Scratchley]
               vnd.publishare-delta-tree                [Ben-Kiki]
               vnd.cybank                                 [Helmee]
                batch-SMTP                                  [RFC2442]
               vnd.uplanet.alert                          [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.cacheop                        [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.list                           [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.listcmd                        [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.channel                        [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.bearer-choice                  [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.signal                         [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.alert-wbxml                            [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.cacheop-wbxml                  [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.list-wbxml                     [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.listcmd-wbxml                  [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.channel-wbxml                  [Martin]
               vnd.uplanet.bearer-choice-wbxml                    [Martin]
               vnd.epson.quickanime                             [Gu]
               vnd.commonspace                          [Chandhok]
               vnd.fut-misnet                          [Pruulmann]
               vnd.xfdl                                  [Manning]
               vnd.intu.qfx                             [Scratchley]
               vnd.epson.ssf                             [Hoshina]
               vnd.epson.msf                             [Hoshina]
               vnd.powerbuilder7                          [Shilts]
               vnd.powerbuilder7-s                        [Shilts]
               vnd.lotus-notes                           [Laramie]
                pkixcmp                                     [RFC2510]
               vnd.wap.wmlc                                [Stark]
               vnd.wap.wmlscriptc                          [Stark]
               vnd.motorola.flexsuite                     [Patton]
               vnd.wap.wbxml                               [Stark]
               vnd.motorola.flexsuite.wem                 [Patton]
               vnd.motorola.flexsuite.kmr                 [Patton]
               vnd.motorola.flexsuite.adsi                [Patton]
               vnd.motorola.flexsuite.fis                 [Patton]
               vnd.motorola.flexsuite.gotap               [Patton]
               vnd.motorola.flexsuite.ttc                 [Patton]
               vnd.ufdl                                  [Manning]
               vnd.accpac.simply.imp                        [Leow]
               vnd.accpac.simply.aso                        [Leow]
               vnd.vcx                                [T.Sugimoto]
                ipp                                         [RFC2910]
                ocsp-request                                [RFC2560]
                ocsp-response                               [RFC2560]
               vnd.previewsystems.box                 [Smolgovsky]
               vnd.mediastation.cdkey                     [Flurry]
               vnd.pg.format                             [Gandert]
               vnd.pg.osasli                             [Gandert]
               vnd.hp-hpid                                 [Gupta]
                pkix-cert                                   [RFC2585]
                pkix-crl                                    [RFC2585]
               vnd.Mobius.TXF                           [Kabayama]
               vnd.Mobius.PLC                           [Kabayama]
               vnd.Mobius.DIS                           [Kabayama]
               vnd.Mobius.DAF                           [Kabayama]
               vnd.Mobius.MSL                           [Kabayama]
               vnd.cups-raster                             [Sweet]
               vnd.cups-postscript                         [Sweet]
               vnd.cups-raw                                [Sweet]
                index                                       [RFC2652]
                index.cmd                                   [RFC2652]
                index.response                              [RFC2652]
                index.obj                                   [RFC2652]
                index.vnd                                   [RFC2652]
               vnd.triscape.mxs                         [Simonoff]
               vnd.powerbuilder75                         [Shilts]
               vnd.powerbuilder75-s                       [Shilts]
               vnd.dpgraph                                [Parker]
               http                                      [RFC2616]
               sdp                                       [RFC2327]
                vnd.eudora.data                             [Resnick]
                vnd.fujixerox.docuworks.binder            [Matsumoto]
                vnd.vectorworks                               [Pharr]
                vnd.grafeq                                   [Tupper]
                vnd.bmi                                       [Gotoh]
                vnd.ericsson.quickcall                      [Tidwell]
                vnd.hzn-3d-crossword                         [Minnis]
                vnd.wap.slc                               [WAP-Forum]
                vnd.wap.sic                               [WAP-Forum]
                vnd.groove-injector                          [Joseph]
                vnd.fujixerox.ddd                              [Onda]
                vnd.groove-account                           [Joseph]
                vnd.groove-identity-message                  [Joseph]
                vnd.groove-tool-message                      [Joseph]
                vnd.groove-tool-template                     [Joseph]
                vnd.groove-vcard                             [Joseph]
                vnd.ctc-posml                              [Kohlhepp]
                vnd.canon-lips                                 [Muto]
                vnd.canon-cpdl                                 [Muto]
                vnd.trueapp                                  [Hepler]
                vnd.s3sms                                  [Tarkkala]
                iotp                                        [RFC2935]
                vnd.mcd                                              [Gotoh]
               vnd.httphone                              [Lefevre]
               vnd.informix-visionary                        [Gales]
               vnd.msign                               [Borcherding]
               vnd.ms-lrm                                   [Ledoux]
                vnd.contact.cmsg                               [Patz]
                vnd.epson.esf                              [Hoshina]
                whoispp-query                               [RFC2957]
                whoispp-response                            [RFC2958]
                vnd.mozilla.xul+xml                        [McDaniel]
                parityfec                                   [RFC3009]
                vnd.palm                                    [Peacock]
                vnd.fsc.weblaunch                           [D.Smith]
                vnd.tve-trigger                               [Welsh]
                dvcs                                      [RFC3029]
                sieve                                       [RFC3028]
                vnd.vividence.scriptfile                     [Risher]
                vnd.hhe.lesson-player                         [Jones]
                beep+xml                                 [RFC3080]
                font-tdpfr                                  [RFC3073]
                vnd.mseq                                   [Le Bodic]
                vnd.aether.imp                            [Moskowitz]
                vnd.Mobius.MQY                            [Devasia]
                vnd.Mobius.MBK                           [Devasia]
                vnd.vidsoft.vidconference                      [Hess]
                vnd.ibm.afplinedata                            [Buis]
                vnd.irepository.package+xml                 [Knowles]
                vnd.sss-ntf                                   [Bruno]
                vnd.sss-dtf                                   [Bruno]
                vnd.sss-cod                                    [Dani]
                vnd.pvi.ptid1                                  [Lamb]
                isup                                        [RFCISUP]
                qsig                                        [RFCISUP]
               timestamp-query                            [RFC3161]
                timestamp-reply                                  [RFC3161]
                vnd.pwg-xhtml-print+xml                      [Wright]

image           jpeg                                [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                gif                                 [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                ief             Image Exchange Format       [RFC1314]
                g3fax                                       [RFC1494]
                tiff            Tag Image File Format       [RFC2302]
               cgm            Computer Graphics Metafile  [Francis]
               naplps                                       [Ferber]
                vnd.dwg                                      [Moline]
                vnd.svf                                      [Moline]
                vnd.dxf                                      [Moline]
                png                                 [Randers-Pehrson]
                vnd.fpx                                     [Spencer]
                vnd.net-fpx                                 [Spencer]
               vnd.xiff                                  [SMartin]
               prs.btif                                    [Simon]
               vnd.fastbidsheet                           [Becker]
               vnd.wap.wbmp                                [Stark]
               prs.pti                                      [Laun]
               vnd.cns.inf2                           [McLaughlin]
               vnd.mix                                     [Reddy]
                vnd.fujixerox.edmics-rlc                       [Onda]
                vnd.fujixerox.edmics-mmr                       [Onda]
                vnd.fst                                    [Fuldseth]

audio           basic                               [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                32kadpcm                            [RFC2421,RFC2422]
                vnd.qcelp                                 [Lundblade]
               vnd.digital-winds                         [Strazds]
               vnd.lucent.voice                        [Vaudreuil]
               vnd.octel.sbc                             [Vaudreuil]
               vnd.rhetorex.32kadpcm                     [Vaudreuil]
               vnd.vmx.cvsd                              [Vaudreuil]
               vnd.nortel.vbk                             [Parsons]
               vnd.cns.anp1                           [McLaughlin]
               vnd.cns.inf1                           [McLaughlin]
                L16                                         [RFC2586]
                vnd.everad.plj                             [Cicelsky]
                telephone-event                             [RFC2833]
                tone                                        [RFC2833]
               prs.sid                                   [Walleij]
               vnd.nuera.ecelp4800                           [Fox]
               vnd.nuera.ecelp7470                           [Fox]
                mpeg                                      [RFC3003]
                parityfec                                   [RFC3009]
                MP4A-LATM                                   [RFC3016]
                vnd.nuera.ecelp9600                             [Fox]
                G.722.1                                          [RFC3047]
                mpa-robust                                  [RFC3119]
                vnd.cisco.nse                                 [Kumar]
                DAT12                                    [RFCAVTD]
                L20                                         [RFCAVTD]
                L24                                         [RFCAVTD]

video           mpeg                                [RFC2045,RFC2046]
                quicktime                              [Paul Lindner]
                vnd.vivo                                      [Wolfe]
                vnd.motorola.video                          [McGinty]
                vnd.motorola.videop                         [McGinty]
                vnd.fvt                                    [Fuldseth]
                pointer                                     [RFC2862]
                parityfec                                   [RFC3009]
                vnd.mpegurl                          [Recktenwald]
                MP4V-ES                                     [RFC3016]
                vnd.nokia.interleaved-multimedia        [Kangaslampi]

model                                                       [RFC2077]
                iges                                          [Parks]
                vrml                                        [RFC2077]
                mesh                                        [RFC2077]
               vnd.dwf                                     [Pratt]
               vnd.gtw                                     [Ozaki]
               vnd.flatland.3dml                          [Powers]
                vnd.vtu                                 [Rabinovitch]
                vnd.mts                                 [Rabinovitch]
                vnd.gdl                                      [Babits]
                vnd.gs-gdl                                   [Babits]
                vnd.parasolid.transmit.text        [Dearnaley,Juckes]
                vnd.parasolid.transmit.binary      [Dearnaley,Juckes]


The "media-types" directory contains a subdirectory for each content
type and each of those directories contains a file for each content
subtype.

                               |-uygulama-
                               |-audio-------
                               |-image-------
                 |-media-types-|-message-----
                               |-model-------
                               |-multipart---
                               |-text--------
                               |-video-------

   URL = ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/iana/assignments/media-types


Character Sets
--------------

All of the character sets listed the section on Character Sets are
registered for use with MIME as MIME Character Sets.  The
correspondance between the few character sets listed in the MIME
specifications [RFC2045,RFC2046] and the list in that section are:

Type           Description                               Reference
----           -----------                                  ---------
US-ASCII       see ANSI_X3.4-1968 below             [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-1     see ISO_8859-1:1987 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-2     see ISO_8859-2:1987 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-3     see ISO_8859-3:1988 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-4     see ISO_8859-4:1988 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-5     see ISO_8859-5:1988 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-6     see ISO_8859-6:1987 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-7     see ISO_8859-7:1987 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-8     see ISO_8859-8:1988 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ISO-8859-9     see ISO_8859-9:1989 below            [RFC2045,RFC2046]

Access Types
------------

Type           Description                               Reference
----           -----------                               ---------
FTP                                                [RFC2045,RFC2046]
ANON-FTP                                           [RFC2045,RFC2046]
TFTP                                               [RFC2045,RFC2046]
AFS                                                [RFC2045,RFC2046]
LOCAL-FILE                                         [RFC2045,RFC2046]
MAIL-SERVER                                        [RFC2045,RFC2046]
content-id                                                  [RFC1873]


Conversion Values
-----------------

Conversion values or Content Transfer Encodings.

Type           Description                               Reference
----           -----------                               ---------
7BIT                                                [RFC2045,RFC2046]
8BIT                                                [RFC2045,RFC2046]
BASE64                                            [RFC2045,RFC2046]
BINARY                                              [RFC2045,RFC2046]
QUOTED-PRINTABLE                                    [RFC2045,RFC2046]


MIME / X.400 MAPPING TABLES

MIME to X.400 Table

    MIME content-type          X.400 Body Part             Reference
    -----------------          ------------------          ---------
    text/plain
      charset=us-ascii         ia5-text                     [RFC1494]
      charset=iso-8859-x       EBP - GeneralText            [RFC1494]
    text/richtext              no mapping defined           [RFC1494]
    uygulama/oda            EBP - ODA                    [RFC1494]
    uygulama/octet-stream   bilaterally-defined          [RFC1494]
    uygulama/postscript     EBP - mime-postscript-body   [RFC1494]
    image/g3fax                g3-facsimile                 [RFC1494]
    image/jpeg                 EBP - mime-jpeg-body         [RFC1494]
    image/gif                  EBP - mime-gif-body          [RFC1494]
    audio/basic                no mapping defined           [RFC1494]
    video/mpeg                 no mapping defined           [RFC1494]

    Abbreviation: EBP - Extended Body Part


X.400 to MIME Table


                             Basic Body Parts

    X.400 Basic Body Part      MIME content-type           Reference
    ---------------------      --------------------        ---------
    ia5-text                   text/plain;charset=us-ascii [RFC1494]
    voice                      No Mapping Defined          [RFC1494]
    g3-facsimile               image/g3fax                 [RFC1494]
    g4-class1                  no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    teletex                    no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    videotex                   no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    encrypted                  no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    bilaterally-defined        uygulama/octet-stream    [RFC1494]
    nationally-defined         no mapping defined          [RFC1494]
    externally-defined         See Extended Body Parts     [RFC1494]

    X.400 Extended Body Part  MIME content-type            Reference
    ------------------------- --------------------         ---------
    GeneralText               text/plain;charset=iso-8859-x[RFC1494]
    ODA                       uygulama/oda              [RFC1494]
    mime-postscript-body      uygulama/postscript       [RFC1494]
    mime-jpeg-body            image/jpeg                   [RFC1494]
    mime-gif-body             image/gif                    [RFC1494]

REFERENCES

[MacMime] Work in Progress.

[RFC1036] Horton, M., and R. Adams, "Standard for Interchange of
          USENET Messages", RFC 1036, AT&T Bell Laboratories,
          Center for Seismic Studies, December 1987.

[RFC1494] Alvestrand, H., and S. Thompson, "Equivalences between 1988
          X.400 and RFC-822 Message Bodies", RFC 1494, SINTEF DELAB,
          Soft*Switch, Inc., August 1993.

[RFC1563] Borenstien, N., "The text/enriched MIME content-type". RFC
          1563, Bellcore, January 1994.

[RFC1767] Crocker, D., "MIME Encapsulation of EDI Objects". RFC 1767,
          Brandenburg Consulting, March 1995.

[RFC1866] Berners-Lee, T., and D. Connolly, "Hypertext Markup Language
          - 2.0", RFC 1866, MIT/W3C, November 1995.

[RFC1873] Levinson, E., "Message/External-Body Content-ID Access
          Type", RFC 1873, Accurate Information Systems, Inc. December
          1995.

[RFC1874] Levinson, E., "SGML Media Types", RFC 1874, Accurate
          Information Systems, Inc. December 1995.

[RFC1892] Vaudreuil, G., "The Multipart/Report Content Type for the
          Reporting of Mail System Administrative Messages", RFC 1892,
          Octel Network Services, January 1996.

[RFC1894] Moore, K. and G. Vaudreuil, "An Extensible Message Format
          for Delivery Status Notifications", RFC 1894, University of
          Tennessee, Octel Network Services, January 1996.

[RFC1895] Levinson, E., "The uygulama/CALS-1840 Content Type", RFC
          1895, Accurate Information Systems, February 1996.

[RFC1896] Resnick, P., and A. Walker, "The Text/Enriched MIME Content
          Type", RFC 1896, Qualcomm, Intercon, February 1996.

[RFC1945] Berners-Lee, Y., R. Feilding, and H.Frystyk, "Hypertext
          Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.0", RFC 1945. MIT/LCS, UC
          Irvine, MIT/LCS, May 1996.

[RFC2045] Freed, N., and N. Borenstein, "Multipurpose Internet Mail
          Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message
          Bodies", RFC 2045, November 1996.

[RFC2046] Freed, N., and N. Borenstein, "Multipurpose Internet Mail
          Extensions (MIME) Part Two: Media Types", RFC 2046, November
          1996.

[RFC2077] Nelson, S., C. Parks, and Mitra, "The Model Primary Content
          Type for Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions", RFC 2077,
          LLNL, NIST, WorldMaker, January 1997.

[RFC2122] Mavrakis, D., Layec, H., and K. Kartmann, "VEMMI URL
          Specification", RFC 2122, Monaco Telematique MC-TEL,
          ETSI, Telecommunication+Multimedia, March 1997.

[RFC2220] Guenther, R., "The uygulama/MARC Content-type", RFC 2220,
          Library of Congress, Network Devt. & MARC Standards Office,
          October 1997.

[RFC2298] Fajman, R., "An Extensible Message Format for Message
          Disposition Notifications", RFC 2298, March 1998.

[RFC2302] Parsons, G., et. al., "Tag Image File Format (TIFF) -
          image/tiff", RFC 2302, March 1998.

[RFC2311] Dusse, S., et. al., "S/MIME Version 2 Message Specification,
          RFC 2311, March 1998.

[RFC2318] Lie, H., Bos, B., and C. Lilley, "The text/css Media Type",
          RFC 2318, March 1998.

[RFC2327] Handley, M., and V. Jacobson, "SDP: Session Description
          Protocol", RFC 2327, April 1999.

[RFC2387] Levinson, E., "The MIME Multipart/Related Content-type", RFC
          2387, XIson Inc, August 1998.

[RFC2388] Masinter, L., "Form-based File Upload in HTML",
          RFC 2388, Xerox Corporation, August 1998.

[RFC2421] Vaudreuil, G., and G. Parsons, "Voice Profile for Internet
          Mail - version 2", RFC 2421, September 1998.

[RFC2422] Vaudreuil, G., and G. Parsons, "Toll Quality Voice - 32
          kbit/s ADPCM MIME Sub-type Registration", RFC 2422,
          September 1998.

[RFC2423] Vaudreuil, G., and G. Parsons, "VPIM Voice Message MIME
          Sub-type Registration", RFC 2423, September 1998.

[RFC2425] Howes, T., Smith, M., and F. Dawson, "A MIME Content-Type
          for Directory Information", RFC 2425, September 1998.

[RFC2442] Freed, N., Newman, D., Belissent, J. and M. Hoy, "The
          Batch SMTP Media Type", RFC 2442, November 1998.

[RFC2445] Dawson, F., and D. Stenerson, "Internet Calendaring and
          Scheduling Core Object Specification (iCalendar)", RFC 2445,
          November 1998.

[RFC2483] M. Mealling and R. Daniel, "URI resolution services
          necessary for URN resolution", RFC 2483, January 1999.

[RFC2510] Adams, C., and S. Farrell, "Internet X.509 Public Key
          Infrastructure Certificate Management Protocols", RFC 2510,
          March 1999.

[RFC2560] Myers, M., Ankney, R., Malpani, A., Galperin, S., and C.
          Adams, "X.509 Internet Public Key Infrastructure Online
          Certificate Status Protocol - OCSP", RFC 2560, June 1999.

[RFC2585] Housley, R. and P. Hoffman, "Internet X.509 Public Key
          Infrastructure Operational Protocols: FTP and HTTP",
          RFC 2585, May 1999.

[RFC2586] Salsman, J and H. Alvestrand, "The Audio/L16 MIME content
          type", RFC 2586, May 1999.

[RFC2616] Fielding, R., et. al., "Hypertext Transfer Protocol --
          HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999.

[RFC2652] Allen, J., and M. Mealling, "MIME Object Definitions for the
          Common Indexing Protocol (CIP)", RFC 2652, August 1999.

[RFC2793] Hellstrom, G., "RTP Payload for Text Conversation", RFC
          2793, May 2000.

[RFC2833] Schulzrinne, H., "RTP Payload for DTMF Digits, Telephony
          Tones and Telephony Signals", RFC 2833, May 2000.

[RFC2854] Connolly, D., and L. Masinter, "The 'text/html' Media Type",
          RFC 2854, June 2000.

[RFC2862] Civanlar, M., and G. Cash, "RTP Payload Format for Real-Time
          Pointers", RFC 2862, June 2000.

[RFC2910] Herriot, R., Editor, Butler, S., Moore, P., Turner, R. and
          J. Wenn, "Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Encoding and
          Transport", RFC 2910, September 2000.

[RFC2935] Eastlake, D. and C. Smith, "Internet Open Trading Protocol
          (IOTP) HTTP Supplement", RFC 2935, September 2000.

          
[RFC3003] M. Nilsson, "The audio/mpeg Media Type", RFC 3003,
          November 2000.

[RFC3009] J.Rosenberg and H.Schulzrinne, "Registration of parityfec
          MIME types", RFC 3009, November 2000.

[RFC3016] Kikuchi, Y., T. Nomura, S. Fukunaga, Y. Matsui, and
          H. Kimata, "RTP payload format for MPEG-4 Audio/Visual
          streams", RFC 3016, November 2000.

[RFC3023] M. Murata, S. St.Laurent, and  D. Kohn, "XML Media Types",
          RFC 3023, January 2001.

[RFC3028] T. Showalter, "Sieve: A Mail Filtering Language",
          RFC 3028, January 2001.

[RFC3029] Adams,C.  , P. Sylvester, M. Zolotarev, and R. Zuccherato,
          "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Data Validation and
          Certification Server Protocols", RFC 3029, January 2001.

[RFC3047]  Luthi, P. "RTP Payload Format for ITU-T Recommendation
           G.772.1", RFC 3047, January 2001.

[RFC3073]  Collins, J., "Portable Font Resource (PFR) -
           uygulama/font-tdpfr MIME Sub-type Registration",
           RFC 3073, February 2001.

[RFC3080]  Rose, M., "The Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol Core",
           RFC 3080, February 2001.

[RFC3119]  R. Finlayson, "A More Loss-Tolerant RTP Payload Format
           for MP3 Audio", RFC 3119, June 2001.

[RFCISUP]  E. Zimmerer, J. Peterson, A. Vemuri, L. Ong, F. Audet,
           M. Watson, and M. Zonoun, "MIME media types for ISUP and
           QSIG Objects", RFC XXXX, Month Year.

[RFC3156]  M. Elkins, D. Del Torto, R. Levien, and T. Roessler,
           "MIME Security with OpenPGP", RFC 3156, August 2001.

[RFC3161]  C. Adams, P. Cain, D. Pinkas, and R. Zuccherato,
           "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Time Stamp
           Protocol (TSP)", RFC 3161, August 2001.

[RFCAVTD]  K. Kobayashi, A. Ogawa, S. Casner, and C. Bormann,
           "RTP Payload Format for DV Format Video", RFC XXXX,
           Month Year.

PEOPLE
------

[Adams] Greg Adams <gadams@waynesworld.ucsd.edu>, March 1997.

[Allen] Steve Allen <sla@ucolick.org>, September 1997.

[Alvestrand] Harald T. Alvestrand <Harald.T.Alvestrand@uninett.no>,
                                  January 1997.

[Applebaum] David Applebaum, <applebau@battelle.org>, February 1997.

[Aubrey] Steve Aubrey, <steve_aubrey@hp.com>, July 1998.

[Babits] Attila Babits, <ababits@graphisoft.hu>, April 2000, May 2000.

[Bartram] Chris Bartram, <RCB@3k.com>, May 1998.

[Becker] Scott Becker, <scottb@bxwa.com>, April 1996, October 1998.

[Ben-Kiki] Oren Ben-Kiki, <oren@capella.co.il>, October 1998.

[Berners-Lee] Tim Berners-Lee, <timbl@w3.org>, May 1996.

[Borcherding] Malte Borcherding, <Malte.Borcherding@brokat.com>,
              August 2000.

[Borenstein] Nathaniel Borenstein, <NSB@bellcore.com>, April 1994.

[Bradley] Dan Bradley, <dan@dantom.com>, October 2000.

[Bruno] Eric Bruno, <ebruno@solution-soft.com>, June 2001.

[Buettgenbach] Gert Buettgenbach, <bue@sevencs.com>, May 1997.

[Buis] Roger Buis, <buis@us.ibm.com>, March 2001.

[Butler] Tim Butler, <tim@its.bldrdoc.gov>, April 1996.

[Larry Campbell]

[Chandhok] Ravinder Chandhok, <chandhok@within.com>, December 1998.

[Chase] Brad Chase, <brad_chase@bitstream.com>, May 1996.

[Cicelsky] Shay Cicelsky, <shayc@everad.com>, May 2000.

[Cole] Pete Cole, <pcole@sseyod.demon.co.uk>, June 1996.

[Dave Crocker]  Dave Crocker <dcrocker@mordor.stanford.edu>

[Terry Crowley]

[Dani] Asang Dani, <adani@solution-soft.com>, June 2001.

[Daniel] Ron Daniel, Jr. <rdaniel@lanl.gov>, June 1997.

[Dearnaley] Roger Dearnaley, <x_dearna@ugsolutions.com>, October 2000.

[Dellutri] Steve Dellutri, <sdellutri@cosmocom.com>, March 1998.

[Devasia] Alex Devasia, <adevasia@mobius.com>, March 2001.

[Doggett] Jay Doggett, <jdoggett@tiac.net>, February 1997.

[Domino] Michael Domino, <michaeldomino@mediaone.net>, February 1997.

[Duffy] Michael Duffy, <miked@psiaustin.com>, September 1997.

[Eastlake] Donald E. Eastlake 3rd, <Donald.Eastlake@motorola.com>, April 1995,
           May 2000.

[Faltstrom] Patrik Faltstrom <paf@nada.kth.se>

[Fleischman] Eric Fleischman <ericfl@MICROSOFT.com>, April 1997.

[Floersch] Dick Floersch <floersch@echo.sound.net>, March 1997.

[Flurry] Henry Flurry <henryf@mediastation.com>, April 1999.

[Fox] Michael Fox, <mfox@nuera.com>, August 2000, January 2001.

[Francis] Alan Francis, A.H.Francis@open.ac.uk, December 1995.

[Fujii] Kiyofusa Fujii <kfujii@japannet.or.jp>, February 1997.

[Fuldseth] Arild Fuldseth, <Arild.Fuldseth@fast.no>, June 2000.

[Gales] Christopher Gales, <christopher.gales@informix.com>,
        August 2000.

[Gandert] April Gandert <gandert.am@pg.com>, April 1999.

[Gill] Sukvinder S. Gill, <sukvg@microsoft.com>, April 1996.

[Glazer] David Glazer, <dglazer@best.com>, April 1995.

[Gotoh] Tadashi Gotoh, <tgotoh@cadamsystems.co.jp>, February 2000,
        June 2000.

[Gu] Yu Gu, <guyu@rd.oda.epson.co.jp>, December 1998.

[Gupta] Aloke Gupta <Aloke_Gupta@ex.cv.hp.com>, April 1999.

[Gurak] Tom Gurak, <assoc@intercon.roc.servtech.com>, March 1997.

[Gurney] John-Mark Gurney <jmg@flyidea.com>, August 1999.

[Guy] David Guy, <dguy@powersoft.com>, June 1997.

[Helmee] Nor Helmee, <helmee@my.cybank.net>, November 1998.

[Hepler] J. Scott Hepler, <scott@truebasic.com>, May 2000.

[Herzberg] Amir Herzberg, <amirh@haifa.vnet.ibm.com>, February 1997.

[Hess] Robert Hess, <hess@vidsoft.de>, March 2001.

[Hodge] Tim Hodge, <thodge@curl.com>, August 2000.

[Hohensee] Reinhard Hohensee <rhohensee@VNET.IBM.COM>, September 1997.

[Holstage] Mary Holstage <holstege@firstfloor.com>, May 1998.

[Hoshina] Shoji Hoshina <Hoshina.Shoji@exc.epson.co.jp>, January 1999,
          September 2000.

[Hurtta] Kari E. Hurtta <flexstor@ozone.FMI.FI>

[Imoucha] Philippe Imoucha <pimoucha@businessobjects.com>, October 1996.

[IPTC] International Press Telecommunications Council (David Allen),
       <m_director_iptc@dial.pipex.com>, July 2000.

[Jones] Randy Jones, <randy_jones@archipelago.com>, January 2001.

[Joseph] Todd Joseph <todd_joseph@groove.net>, February 2000, March 2000,
         April 2000.

[Juckes] John Juckes, <johnj@ugsolutions.com>, October 2000.

[Kangaslampi] Petteri Kangaslampi, <petteri.kangaslampi@nokia.com>,
              March 2001.

[Katz] Steve Katz, <skatz@eshop.com>, June 1995.

[Klos] Steven Klos, <stevek@osa.com>, February 1997.

[Knowles] Martin Knowles, <mjk@irepository.net>, June 2001.

[Kohlhepp] Bayard Kohlhepp, <bayard@ctcexchange.com>, April 2000.

[Korver] Brian Korver <briank@terisa.com>, October 1996.

[Kumar] Rajesh Kumar, <rkumar@cisco.com>, August 2001.

[Lamb] Charles P. Lamb, <CLamb@pvimage.com>, June 2001.

[Laramie] Michael Laramie <laramiem@btv.ibm.com>, February 1999.

[Laun] Juern Laun <juern.laun@gmx.de>, April 1999.

[Le Bodic] Gwenael Le Bodic <Gwenael.Le_Bodic@alcatel.fr>, March 2001.

[Ledoux] Eric Ledoux, <ericle@microsoft.com>, August 2000.

[Lefevre] Franck Lefevre, <franck@k1info.com>, August 2000.

[Leow] Steve Leow <Leost01@accpac.com>, April 1999.

[Levitt] Glenn Levitt <streetd1@ix.netcom.com>, October 1996.

[Lines] John Lines <john@paladin.demon.co.uk>, January 1998.

[Lubin] Dovid Lubin <dovid@acucobol.com>, October 1997.

[Lubos] Mikusiak Lubos <lmikusia@blava-s.bratisla.ingr.com>, October 1996.

[Lundblade] Laurence Lundblade <lgl@qualcomm.com>, October 1996.

[Manning] Dave Manning <dmanning@uwi.com>, January, March 1999.

[Martin] Bruce Martin <iana-registrar@uplanet.com>, November 1998.

[Martin] Steven Martin <smartin@xis.xerox.com>, October 1997.

[Matsumoto] Takashi Matsumoto <takashi.matsumoto@fujixerox.co.jp>,
            February 2000

[Matthewman] David Matthewman <david@xara.com>, October 1996.

[McDaniel] Braden N. McDaniel, <braden@endoframe.com>, October 2000.

[McGinty] Tom McGinty <tmcginty@dma.isg.mot.com>

[McLaughlin] Ann McLaughlin <amclaughlin@comversens.com>, April 1999.

[Minnis] James Minnis <james-minnis@glimpse-of-tomorrow.com>,
         February 2000

[Moline] Jodi Moline, <jodim@softsource.com>, April 1996.

[Mori] Hiroyoshi Mori, <mori@mm.rd.nttdata.co.jp>, August 1998.

[Moskowitz] Jay Moskowitz, <jay@aethersystems.com>, March 2001.

[Muto] Shin Muto, <shinmuto@pure.cpdc.canon.co.jp>, May 2000.

[Mutz] Andy Mutz, <andy_mutz@hp.com>, December 1997.

[Nagatomo] Yasuhito Nagatomo <naga@rd.oda.epson.co.jp>, January 1998.

[Natarajan] Satish Natarajan, <satish@infoseek.com>, August 1998.

[Nelson] Jan Nelson, <jann@microsoft.com>, May 2000.

[Nilsson] Martin Nilsson, <nilsson@id3.org>, October 2000.

[O'Brien] Michael O'Brien <meobrien1@mmm.com>, January 1998.

[Ogita] Masumi Ogita, <ogita@oa.tfl.fujitsu.co.jp>, October 1997.

[Okudaira] Seiji Okudaira <okudaira@candy.paso.fujitsu.co.jp>, October 1997.

[Olsson] Thomas Olsson <thomas@vinga.se>, April 1998.

[Onda] Masanori Onda <Masanori.Onda@fujixerox.co.jp>, February 2000.


[Ozaki] Yutaka Ozaki <yutaka_ozaki@gen.co.jp>, January 1999.

[Paul Lindner]

[Parker] David Parker <davidparker@davidparker.com>, August 1999.

[Parks] Curtis Parks, <parks@eeel.nist.gov>, April 1995.

[Parsons] Glenn Parsons <gparsons@nortelnetworks.com>, February 1999.

[Patton] Mark Patton <fmp014@email.mot.com>, March 1999.

[Patz] Frank Patz, <fp@contact.de>, September 2000.

[Peacock] Gavin Peacock, <gpeacock@palm.com>, November 2000.

[Pentecost] Bob Pentecost, <bpenteco@boi.hp.com>, March 1997.

[Pharr] Paul C. Pharr <pharr@diehlgraphsoft.com>, February 2000.

[Powers] Michael Powers, <powers@insideout.net>, January 1998.
        <pow@flatland.com>, January 1999.

[Pratt] Jason Pratt, <jason.pratt@autodesk.com>, August 1997.

[Pruulmann] Jann Pruulmann, <jaan@fut.ee>, December 1998.

[Rabinovitch] Boris Rabinovitch <boris@virtue3d.com>, February 2000.

[Randers-Pehrson] Glenn Randers-Pehrson <glennrp@ARL.MIL>, October 1996.

[Recktenwald] Heiko Recktenwald, <uzs106@uni-bonn.de>, November 2000.

[Reddy] Saveen Reddy <saveenr@miscrosoft.com>, July 1999.

[Rehem] Yaser Rehem, <yrehem@sapient.com>, February 1997.

[Resnick] Pete Resnick, <presnick@qualcomm.com>, February 2000.

[Risher] Mark Risher, <markr@vividence.com>, December 2000.

[Rose] Marshall Rose, <mrose@dbc.mtview.ca.us>, April 1995.

[Rosenberg] Jonathan Rosenberg, <jdrosen@dynamicsoft.com>, October 2000.

[Rungchavalnont] Khemchart Rungchavalnont,
        <khemcr@cpu.cp.eng.chula.ac.th>, July 1997.

[Sandal] Troy Sandal <troys@visio.com>, November 1997.

[Santinelli] Paul Santinelli, Jr. <psantinelli@narrative.com>, October 1996.

[Scrathcley] Greg Scratchley <greg_scratchley@intuit.com>, October 1998.

[Searcy] Meredith Searcy, <msearcy@newmoon.com>, June 1997.

[Shapiro] Ehud Shapiro

[Shilts] Reed Shilts <reed.shilts@sybase.com>, February 1999, August 1999.

[Simon] Ben Simon, <BenS@crt.com>, September 1998.

[Simonoff] Steven Simonoff <scs@triscape.com>, August 1999.

[Simpson] Ray Simpson <ray@cnation.com>, January 1998.

[Slawson] Dean Slawson, <deansl@microsoft.com>, May 1996.

[Slusanschi] Horia Cristian Slusanschi <H.C.Slusanschi@massey.ac.nz>,
             January 1998.

[D.Smith] Derek Smith, <derek@friendlysoftware.com>, November 2000.

[Smith] Nick Smith, <nas@ant.co.uk>, June 1995.

[Smolgovsky] Roman Smolgovsky <romans@previewsystems.com>, April 1999.

[Solomon] Monty Solomon, <monty@noblenet.com>, February 1997.

[Spencer] Marc Douglas Spencer <marcs@itc.kodak.com>, October 1996.

[Henry Spencer]

[Stark] Peter Stark <stark@uplanet.com>, March 1999.

[Strazds] Armands Strazds <armands.strazds@medienhaus-bremen.de>,
          January 1999.

[Sugimoto] Masahiko Sugimoto <sugimoto@sz.sel.fujitsu.co.jp>, October 1997.

[T.Sugimoto] Taisuke Sugimoto <sugimototi@noanet.nttdata.co.jp> April 1999.

[Sweet] Michael Sweet <mike@easysw.com>, July 1999.

[Swenson] Janine Swenson <janine@novadigm.com>, January 1998.

[Szekely] Etay Szekely <etay@emultek.co.il>, October 1996.

[Taguchi] Yasuo Taguchi <yasuo.taguchi@fujixerox.co.jp>, July 1998.

[Tanaka] Manabu Tanaka <mtana@iss.isl.melco.co.jp>, September 1997.

[Tarkkala] Lauri Tarkkala, <Lauri.Tarkkala@sonera.com>, May 2000.

[Tidwell] Paul Tidwell <paul.tidwell@ericsson.com>, February 2000.

[Togashi] Nobukazu Togashi <togashi@ai.cs.fujitsu.co.jp>, June 1997.

[Tomasello] Luke Tomasello <luket@intertrust.com>

[Tupper] Jeff Tupper <tupper@peda.com>, February 2000.

[Vaudreuil] Greg Vaudreuil <gregv@lucent.com>, January 1999.

[Walleij] Linus Walleij, <triad@df.lth.se>, July 2000.

[WAP-Forum] WAP Forum Ltd. <wap-feedback@mail.wapforum.org>, February 2000.

[Wattenberger] Paul Wattenberger <Paul_Wattenberger@lotus.com>, June 1997.

[Webb] Steve Webb <steve@wynde.com>, October 1996.

[Wedel] Eric Wedel <ewedel@meridian-data.com>, October 1996.

[Welsh] Linda Welsh, <linda@intel.com>, November 2000.

[Wexler] Mike Wexler, <mwexler@frame.com>, April 1996.

[Widener] Glenn Widener <glennw@ndg.com>, June 1997.

[Wohler] Bill Wohler, <wohler@newt.com>, July 1997.

[Wolfe] John Wolfe, <John_Wolfe.VIVO@vivo.com>, April 1996.

[Wright] Don Wright, <don@lexmark.com>, August 2001.

[Van Nostern] Gene C. Van Nostern <gene@wri.com>, February 1995.

[Yellow] Mr. Yellow <yellowriversw@yahoo.com>, March 1998.

[Yoshitake] Jun Yoshitake, <yositake@iss.isl.melco.co.jp>, February 1997.