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Ek-3

Sayfa 6


 

Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages


 

Alpha-3 codes arranged alphabetically by English name of language


Table of Contents

A-B -- Abkhazian to Burmese M-N -- Macedonian to Nzima
C-D -- Caddo to Dzongkha O-P -- Occitan (post 1500) to Pushto
E-F -- Efik to Fulah Q-R -- Quechua to Russian
G-H -- Ga to Hupa S-T -- Salishan languages to Twi
I-J -- Iban to Judeo-Persian U-Z -- Ugaritic to Zuni
K-L -- Kabyle to Lushai

ISO 639-2 is the alpha-3 code. Where two codes are provided (22 languages total) the bibliographic code is given first and the terminology code is given second.

ISO 639-1 is the alpha-2 code. Multiple codes for the same language are to be considered synonyms.

 

A-B

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Abkhazian abkhaze abk ab
Achinese aceh ace  
Acoli acoli ach  
Adangme adangme ada  
Afar afar aar aa
Afrihili afrihili afh  
Afrikaans afrikaans afr af
Afro-Asiatic (Other) afro-asiatiques, autres langues afa  
Akan akan aka  
Akkadian akkadien akk  
Albanian albanais alb/sqi* sq
Aleut aléoute ale  
Algonquian languages algonquines, langues alg  
Altaic (Other) altaïques, autres langues tut  
Amharic amharique amh am
Apache languages apache apa  
Arabic arabe ara ar
Aramaic araméen arc  
Arapaho arapaho arp  
Araucanian araucan arn  
Arawak arawak arw  
Armenian arménien arm/hye* hy
Artificial (Other) artificielles, autres langues art  
Assamese assamais asm as
Asturian; Bable asturien; bable ast  
Athapascan languages athapascanes, langues ath  
Australian languages australiennes, langues aus  
Austronesian (Other) malayo-polynésiennes, autres langues map  
Avaric avar ava  
Avestan avestique ave ae
Awadhi awadhi awa  
Aymara aymara aym ay
Azerbaijani azéri aze az
Bable; Asturian bable; asturien ast  
Balinese balinais ban  
Baltic (Other) baltiques, autres langues bat  
Baluchi baloutchi bal  
Bambara bambara bam  
Bamileke languages bamilékés, langues bai  
Banda banda bad  
Bantu (Other) bantoues, autres langues bnt  
Basa basa bas  
Bashkir bachkir bak ba
Basque basque baq/eus* eu
Batak (Indonesia) batak (Indonésie) btk  
Beja bedja bej  
Belarusian biélorusse bel be
Bemba bemba bem  
Bengali bengali ben bn
Berber (Other) berbères, autres langues ber  
Bhojpuri bhojpuri bho  
Bihari bihari bih bh
Bikol bikol bik  
Bini bini bin  
Bislama bichlamar bis bi
Bokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian Bokmål bokmål, norvégien; bokmål norvégien nob nb
Bosnian bosniaque bos bs
Braj braj bra  
Breton breton bre br
Buginese bugi bug  
Bulgarian bulgare bul bg
Buriat bouriate bua  
Burmese birman bur/mya* my

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C-D

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Caddo caddo cad  
Carib caribe car  
Castilian; Spanish castillan; espagnol spa es
Catalan catalan cat ca
Caucasian (Other) caucasiennes, autres langues cau  
Cebuano cebuano ceb  
Celtic (Other) celtiques, autres langues cel  
Central American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique centrale,
autres langues
cai  
Chagatai djaghataï chg  
Chamic languages chames, langues cmc  
Chamorro chamorro cha ch
Chechen tchÉtchène che ce
Cherokee cherokee chr  
Chewa; Chichewa; Nyanja chewa, chichewa, nyanja nya ny
Cheyenne cheyenne chy  
Chibcha chibcha chb  
Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja chichewa; chewa; nyanja nya ny
Chinese chinois chi/zho* zh
Chinook jargon chinook, jargon chn  
Chipewyan chipewyan chp  
Choctaw choctaw cho  
Chuang; Zhuang chuang; zhuang zha za
Church Slavic; Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic slavon d'église; vieux slave; slavon liturgique; vieux bulgare chu cu
Church Slavonic; Church Slavic; Old Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic slavon liturgique; slavon d'église; vieux slave; vieux bulgare chu cu
Chuukese chuuk chk  
Chuvash tchouvache chv cv
Coptic copte cop  
Cornish cornique cor kw
Corsican corse cos co
Cree cree cre  
Creek muskogee mus  
Creoles and pidgins (Other) créoles et pidgins divers crp  
Creoles and pidgins,
English-based (Other)
créoles et pidgins anglais, autres cpe  
Creoles and pidgins,
French-based (Other)
créoles et pidgins français, autres cpf  
Creoles and pidgins,
Portuguese-based (Other)
créoles et pidgins portugais, autres cpp  
Croatian croate scr/hrv* hr
Cushitic (Other) couchitiques, autres langues cus  
Czech tchèque cze/ces* cs
Dakota dakota dak  
Danish danois dan da
Dayak dayak day  
Delaware delaware del  
Dinka dinka din  
Divehi maldivien div  
Dogri dogri doi  
Dogrib dogrib dgr  
Dravidian (Other) dravidiennes, autres langues dra  
Duala douala dua  
Dutch néerlandais dut/nld* nl
Dutch, Middle (ca. 1050-1350) néerlandais moyen (ca. 1050-1350) dum  
Dyula dioula dyu  
Dzongkha dzongkha dzo dz

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E-F

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Efik efik efi  
Egyptian (Ancient) égyptien egy  
Ekajuk ekajuk eka  
Elamite élamite elx  
English anglais eng en
English, Middle (1100-1500) anglais moyen (1100-1500) enm  
English, Old (ca.450-1100) anglo-saxon (ca.450-1100) ang  
Esperanto espéranto epo eo
Estonian estonien est et
Ewe éwé ewe  
Ewondo éwondo ewo  
Fang fang fan  
Fanti fanti fat  
Faroese féroïen fao fo
Fijian fidjien fij fj
Finnish finnois fin fi
Finno-Ugrian (Other) finno-ougriennes, autres langues fiu  
Fon fon fon  
French français fre/fra* fr
French, Middle (ca.1400-1600) français moyen (1400-1600) frm  
French, Old (842-ca.1400) français ancien (842-ca.1400) fro  
Frisian frison fry fy
Friulian frioulan fur  
Fulah peul ful  

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G-H

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Ga ga gaa  
Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic gaélique; gaélique écossais gla gd
Gallegan galicien glg gl
Ganda ganda lug  
Gayo gayo gay  
Gbaya gbaya gba  
Geez guèze gez  
Georgian géorgien geo/kat* ka
German allemand ger/deu* de
German, Low; Saxon, Low; Low German; Low Saxon allemand, bas; saxon, bas; bas allemand; bas saxon nds  
German, Middle High (ca.1050-1500) allemand, moyen haut (ca. 1050-1500) gmh  
German, Old High (ca.750-1050) allemand, vieux haut (ca. 750-1050) goh  
Germanic (Other) germaniques, autres langues gem  
Gikuyu; Kikuyu kikuyu kik ki
Gilbertese kiribati gil  
Gondi gond gon  
Gorontalo gorontalo gor  
Gothic gothique got  
Grebo grebo grb  
Greek, Ancient (to 1453) grec ancien (jusqu'à 1453) grc  
Greek, Modern (1453-) grec moderne (après 1453) gre/ell* el
Guarani guarani grn gn
Gujarati goudjrati guj gu
Gwich´in gwich´in gwi  
Haida haida hai  
Hausa haoussa hau ha
Hawaiian hawaïen haw  
Hebrew hébreu heb he
Herero herero her hz
Hiligaynon hiligaynon hil  
Himachali himachali him  
Hindi hindi hin hi
Hiri Motu hiri motu hmo ho
Hittite hittite hit  
Hmong hmong hmn  
Hungarian hongrois hun hu
Hupa hupa hup  

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I-J

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Iban iban iba  
Icelandic islandais ice/isl* is
Ido ido ido io
Igbo igbo ibo  
Ijo ijo ijo  
Iloko ilocano ilo  
Inari Sami sami d'Inari smn  
Indic (Other) indo-aryennes, autres langues inc  
Indo-European (Other) indo-européennes, autres langues ine  
Indonesian indonésien ind id
Interlingua (International
Auxiliary Language Association)
interlingua (langue auxiliaire internationale) ina ia
Interlingue interlingue ile ie
Inuktitut inuktitut iku iu
Inupiaq inupiaq ipk ik
Iranian (Other) iraniennes, autres langues ira  
Irish irlandais gle ga
Irish, Middle (900-1200) irlandais moyen (900-1200) mga  
Irish, Old (to 900) irlandais ancien (jusqu'à 900) sga  
Iroquoian languages iroquoises, langues (famille) iro  
Italian italien ita it
Japanese japonais jpn ja
Javanese javanais jav jv
Judeo-Arabic judéo-arabe jrb  
Judeo-Persian judéo-persan jpr  

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K-L

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Kabyle kabyle kab  
Kachin kachin kac  
Kalaallisut groenlandais kal kl
Kamba kamba kam  
Kannada kannada kan kn
Kanuri kanouri kau  
Kara-Kalpak karakalpak kaa  
Karen karen kar  
Kashmiri kashmiri kas ks
Kawi kawi kaw  
Kazakh kazakh kaz kk
Khasi khasi kha  
Khmer khmer khm km
Khoisan (Other) khoisan, autres langues khi  
Khotanese khotanais kho  
Kikuyu; Gikuyu kikuyu kik ki
Kimbundu kimbundu kmb  
Kinyarwanda rwanda kin rw
Kirghiz kirghize kir ky
Komi komi kom kv
Kongo kongo kon  
Konkani konkani kok  
Korean coréen kor ko
Kosraean kosrae kos  
Kpelle kpellé kpe  
Kru krou kro  
Kuanyama; Kwanyama kuanyama; kwanyama kua kj
Kumyk koumyk kum  
Kurdish kurde kur ku
Kurukh kurukh kru  
Kutenai kutenai kut  
Kwanyama, Kuanyama kwanyama; kuanyama kua kj
Ladino judéo-espagnol lad  
Lahnda lahnda lah  
Lamba lamba lam  
Lao lao lao lo
Latin latin lat la
Latvian letton lav lv
Letzeburgesch; Luxembourgish luxembourgeois ltz lb
Lezghian lezghien lez  
Lingala lingala lin ln
Lithuanian lituanien lit lt
Low German; Low Saxon; German, Low; Saxon, Low bas allemand; bas saxon; allemand, bas; saxon, bas nds  
Low Saxon; Low German; Saxon, Low; German, Low bas saxon; bas allemand; saxon, bas; allemand, bas nds  
Lozi lozi loz  
Luba-Katanga luba-katanga lub  
Luba-Lulua luba-lulua lua  
Luiseno luiseno lui  
Lule Sami sami de Lule smj  
Lunda lunda lun  
Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) luo (Kenya et Tanzanie) luo  
Lushai lushai lus  
Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch luxembourgeois ltz lb

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M-N

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Macedonian macédonien mac/mkd* mk
Madurese madourais mad  
Magahi magahi mag  
Maithili maithili mai  
Makasar makassar mak  
Malagasy malgache mlg mg
Malay malais may/msa* ms
Malayalam malayalam mal ml
Maltese maltais mlt mt
Manchu mandchou mnc  
Mandar mandar mdr  
Mandingo mandingue man  
Manipuri manipuri mni  
Manobo languages manobo, langues mno  
Manx manx; mannois glv gv
Maori maori mao/mri* mi
Marathi marathe mar mr
Mari mari chm  
Marshallese marshall mah mh
Marwari marvari mwr  
Masai massaï mas  
Mayan languages maya, langues myn  
Mende mendé men  
Micmac micmac mic  
Minangkabau minangkabau min  
Miscellaneous languages diverses, langues mis  
Mohawk mohawk moh  
Moldavian moldave mol mo
Mon-Khmer (Other) môn-khmer, autres langues mkh  
Mongo mongo lol  
Mongolian mongol mon mn
Mossi moré mos  
Multiple languages multilingue mul  
Munda languages mounda, langues mun  
Nahuatl nahuatl nah  
Nauru nauruan nau na
Navaho, Navajo navaho nav nv
Navajo; Navaho navaho nav nv
Ndebele, North ndébélé du Nord nde nd
Ndebele, South ndébélé du Sud nbl nr
Ndonga ndonga ndo ng
Nepali népalais nep ne
Newari newari new  
Nias nias nia  
Niger-Kordofanian (Other) nigéro-congolaises, autres langues nic  
Nilo-Saharan (Other) nilo-sahariennes, autres langues ssa  
Niuean niué niu  
Norse, Old norrois, vieux non  
North American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique du Nord, autres langues nai  
Northern Sami sami du Nord sme se
North Ndebele ndébélé du Nord nde nd
Norwegian norvégien nor no
Norwegian Bokmål; Bokmål, Norwegian norvégien bokmål; bokmål, norvégien nob nb
Norwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien nno nn
Nubian languages nubiennes, langues nub  
Nyamwezi nyamwezi nym  
Nyanja; Chichewa; Chewa nyanja; chichewa; chewa nya ny
Nyankole nyankolé nyn  
Nynorsk, Norwegian; Norwegian Nynorsk nynorsk, norvégien; norvégien nynorsk nno nn
Nyoro nyoro nyo  
Nzima nzema nzi  

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O-P

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Occitan (post 1500); Provençal occitan (après 1500); provençal oci oc
Ojibwa ojibwa oji  
Old Bulgarian; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Church Slavic; Old Church Slavonic vieux bulgare; vieux slave; slavon liturgique; slavon d'église chu cu
Old Church Slavonic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Church Slavic vieux slave; slavon liturgique; vieux bulgare; slavon d'église chu cu
Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Church Slavic; Old Church Slavonic vieux slave; slavon liturgique; vieux bulgare; slavon d'église chu cu
Oriya oriya ori or
Oromo galla orm om
Osage osage osa  
Ossetian; Ossetic ossète oss os
Ossetic; Ossetian ossète oss os
Otomian languages otomangue, langues oto  
Pahlavi pahlavi pal  
Palauan palau pau  
Pali pali pli pi
Pampanga pampangan pam  
Pangasinan pangasinan pag  
Panjabi pendjabi pan pa
Papiamento papiamento pap  
Papuan (Other) papoues, autres langues paa  
Persian persan per/fas* fa
Persian, Old (ca.600-400 B.C.) perse, vieux (ca. 600-400 av. J.-C.) peo  
Philippine (Other) philippines, autres langues phi  
Phoenician phénicien phn  
Pohnpeian pohnpei pon  
Polish polonais pol pl
Portuguese portugais por pt
Prakrit languages prâkrit pra  
Provençal; Occitan (post 1500) provençal; occitan (après 1500) oci oc
Provençal, Old (to 1500) provençal ancien (jusqu'à 1500) pro  
Pushto pachto pus ps

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Q-R

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Quechua quechua que qu
Raeto-Romance rhéto-roman roh rm
Rajasthani rajasthani raj  
Rapanui rapanui rap  
Rarotongan rarotonga rar  
Reserved for local use réservée à l'usage local qaa-qtz  
Romance (Other) romanes, autres langues roa  
Romanian roumain rum/ron* ro
Romany tsigane rom  
Rundi rundi run rn
Russian russe rus ru

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S-T

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Salishan languages salish, langues sal  
Samaritan Aramaic samaritain sam  
Sami languages (Other) sami, autres langues smi  
Samoan samoan smo sm
Sandawe sandawe sad  
Sango sango sag sg
Sanskrit sanskrit san sa
Santali santal sat  
Sardinian sarde srd sc
Sasak sasak sas  
Saxon, Low; German, Low; Low Saxon; Low German saxon, bas; allemand, bas; bas saxon; bas allemand nds  
Scots écossais sco  
Scottish Gaelic; Gaelic gaélique écossais; gaélique gla gd
Selkup selkoupe sel  
Semitic (Other) sémitiques, autres langues sem  
Serbian serbe scc/srp* sr
Serer sérère srr  
Shan chan shn  
Shona shona sna sn
Sidamo sidamo sid  
Sign languages langues des signes sgn  
Siksika blackfoot bla  
Sindhi sindhi snd sd
Sinhalese singhalais sin si
Sino-Tibetan (Other) sino-tibétaines, autres langues sit  
Siouan languages sioux, langues sio  
Skolt Sami sami skolt sms  
Slave (Athapascan) esclave (athapascan) den  
Slavic (Other) slaves, autres langues sla  
Slovak slovaque slo/slk* sk
Slovenian slovène slv sl
Sogdian sogdien sog  
Somali somali som so
Songhai songhai son  
Soninke soninké snk  
Sorbian languages sorabes, langues wen  
Sotho, Northern sotho du Nord nso  
Sotho, Southern sotho du Sud sot st
South American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique du Sud, autres langues sai  
Southern Sami sami du Sud sma  
South Ndebele ndébélé du Sud nbl nr
Spanish; Castilian espagnol; castillan spa es
Sukuma sukuma suk  
Sumerian sumérien sux  
Sundanese soundanais sun su
Susu soussou sus  
Swahili swahili swa sw
Swati swati ssw ss
Swedish suédois swe sv
Syriac syriaque syr  
Tagalog tagalog tgl tl
Tahitian tahitien tah ty
Tai (Other) thaïes, autres langues tai  
Tajik tadjik tgk tg
Tamashek tamacheq tmh  
Tamil tamoul tam ta
Tatar tatar tat tt
Telugu télougou tel te
Tereno tereno ter  
Tetum tetum tet  
Thai thaï tha th
Tibetan tibétain tib/bod* bo
Tigre tigré tig  
Tigrinya tigrigna tir ti
Timne temne tem  
Tiv tiv tiv  
Tlingit tlingit tli  
Tok Pisin tok pisin tpi  
Tokelau tokelau tkl  
Tonga (Nyasa) tonga (Nyasa) tog  
Tonga (Tonga Islands) tongan (Îles Tonga) ton to
Tsimshian tsimshian tsi  
Tsonga tsonga tso ts
Tswana tswana tsn tn
Tumbuka tumbuka tum  
Tupi languages tupi, langues tup  
Turkish turc tur tr
Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928) turc ottoman (1500-1928) ota  
Turkmen turkmène tuk tk
Tuvalu tuvalu tvl  
Tuvinian touva tyv  
Twi twi twi tw

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U-Z

Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
639-2 639-1
Ugaritic ougaritique uga  
Uighur ouïgour uig ug
Ukrainian ukrainien ukr uk
Umbundu umbundu umb  
Undetermined indéterminée und  
Urdu ourdou urd ur
Uzbek ouszbek uzb uz
Vai vaï vai  
Venda venda ven  
Vietnamese vietnamien vie vi
Volapük volapük vol vo
Votic vote vot  
Wakashan languages wakashennes, langues wak  
Walamo walamo wal  
Walloon wallon wln wa
Waray waray war  
Washo washo was  
Welsh gallois wel/cym* cy
Wolof wolof wol wo
Xhosa xhosa xho xh
Yakut iakoute sah  
Yao yao yao  
Yapese yapois yap  
Yiddish yiddish yid yi
Yoruba yoruba yor yo
Yupik languages yupik, langues ypk  
Zande zandé znd  
Zapotec zapotèque zap  
Zenaga zenaga zen  
Zhuang; Chuang zhuang; chuang zha za
Zulu zoulou zul zu
Zuni zuni zun  

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ISO 639-2

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Comments on this document: iso639-2@loc.gov
Updated: February 25, 2002

 

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